IGF 2014 has ended
Wednesday, September 3 • 9:30am - 12:30pm
Main/Focus Session: Policies enabling Access, Growth and Development on the Internet

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The main session combines two key themes: “Access” and “Internet as an Engine for Growth and Development”.


This main session will be held as a large, multistakeholder, interactive roundtable between panelists and participants.   The session has 2 seasoned moderators, 1 remote moderator and 2-3 volunteers, with mikes, amongst participants. Post introductions by moderators, brief opening statements (2-3 minutes) will be invited from select panelists, linked to specific questions of policy. This cycle will be repeated through the session. Not every panelist will need to comment on each question. Moderators will frequent between panelists and participants for comments / questions. Feeder sessions invited to provide 1 minute interventions. Substantive Rapporteurs will record session highlights as inputs to feeder sessions and produce a more detailed report post IGF.


The objective will be to strengthen IGF’s “knowledge agenda” by bring forth diverse experiences especially from developing countries on policies that have worked to deliver access, learnings and how internet connectivity drives growth and development in developing countries especially for women, youth and the marginalized sections.

The session has a special focus on developing countries and women participants. Apart from ITU and UNESCO, panelists will share perspectives from Turkey (Chair), Nigeria, Egypt, South Africa (Africa), Qatar, Lebanon (Middle East),  Argentina, Brazil  (Latin America), China, India, Sri Lanka (Asia), Pacific Islands, United States and Europe. The moderators and the youth volunteers represent Fiji, Kenya and UK. Of the 21 (TBC) invited (20 confirmed) panelists, 14 belong to developing countries and 2 to international organisations. 8 panelists are women.  


There existed 1 billion internet users when the Tunis Agenda was conceived in 2005. In the next 9 years, at the time of UN IGF in Istanbul, according to a 2014 ITU report, (http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/facts/default.aspx ), there are approx. 7 billion mobile subscriptions and approx. 3 billion internet users. Of these 3 billion, 2.3 billion are mobile broadband subscriptions – half of which are in developing countries.

Home internet access is near saturation in developed countries, but only 31% in developing countries. By 2014 end, 44% of the world’s households will have internet access. In contrast, in Africa, only 1 out of 10 households is connected to internet. Against Europe’s internet penetration of 75% and Americas at (66%), Asia Pacific is at 33%, and Africa (20%) – up from 10% in 2010. By 2030, 3.1 billion new internet users will come from Asia, Africa (1.3 bn), Americas (0.5 bn) and Europe (0.1 bn).

Public Internet access, infrastructure sharing and access as a human right for the socially disadvantaged, vulnerable sections and persons with disabilities are critical access issues – that need global attention.


Several studies have established that internet contributes an average of 1.9 % to GDP - amongst developing countries. By comparison, in developed countries, it contributes 3.4 % of the GDP (http://www.mckinsey.com/client_service/high_tech/latest_thinking/impact_of_the_internet_on_aspiring_countries). Citizens are often the first to benefit in the developing countries especially through services such as email, social networks, search engines, access to information, education, health services, entertainment and important government content. Adoption of internet by the younger population drives online services. Women and SMEs are 2 of the beneficiaries of an increase in internet penetration.

The panel will discuss both access and developmental issues with a special focus on “enabling policies”.

List of Potential Public Policy questions (to be reduced to 5 - 6)

(i)              What are the national regulatory best practices driving internet access – relevant to the 4 billion unconnected citizens of the world? Will, what got us here, get us there?

(ii)            Can inter-governmental and multilateral agencies, developed country governments through bi-laterals, and private entities, help hasten internet access, linking it to development in emerging economies? Or is access almost entirely a national public policy challenge for developing countries?

(iii)           Are countries with high internet penetration and lower cost of access, approaching the challenge in terms of regulatory intervention, legislation, investment environment, technology options and multistakeholder participation in decision making, differently? How are countries with small populations spread over great distances responding to the challenge?     

(iv)           Are norms linking internet penetration to GDP growth, per capita income, poverty eradication, education, rate of employment, etc., universally acceptable? Can internet linked economic and social development norms work as peer pressure amongst emerging economies?

(v)             Most developing country governments have announced national broadband plans. Who is funding National Broadband Plans?  What is the state of their implementation and will they need revision during the next 2-3 years on account of emerging technologies? Can lack of local content becoming a barrier to meaningful access and use of internet? 

(vi)           How important are public access policies in ensuring wide-spread access to the unconnected, especially as it relates to responsibilities of actors regarding human rights and disadvantaged groups in information society? How to ensure a continued focus on areas that need special attention?

(vii)          What role can the IGF play to become a catalyst, to enhance its knowledge agenda through  global dialogue amongst multistakeholder groups   to record learnings, improve information sharing, and strengthen best practices in access / development? Suggest specific steps as inputs for the MAG 2015.  


Dr. Ömer Fatih SAYAN, Board Member, Information and Communications Technologies Authority, Turkey


(i)              Ms. Alice Munyua, Inter-Governmental Organisation, Convener, Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANET), Kenya

(ii)            Mr. Martin Levy, Private Sector, Network Strategy, CloudFlare, Inc., United States



Feeder workshops

Total feeder workshops – 27 (Access – 10; Internet as an Engine for G&D – 16; Dynamic Coalition session – 1).

Feeder Workshops listed below as per the IGF Draft Agenda, from September 1 – September 5, in sequence from first to last as scheduled, along with time slots and room numbers.

Feeder workshops listed for both subthemes – “Access” and “Internet as an Engine for Growth and Development”.  Also,1 session by Dynamic Coalition on Public Access.



Dynamic Coalition on Public Access in Libraries, 09:00 – 10:30


Feeder Workshops




WS 74 Enabling Affordable Access, Changing Role of the Regulator, 10:15 – 11:15

WS 41 Policies to Promote Broadband Access in Developing Countries, 11:00 – 12:30



WS 208 Net Neutrality, Zero-Rating & Development: What’s the Data?, 09:00 – 10:30

WS172 Network Neutrality: A Roadmap for Infrastructure Enhancement, 11:00 – 12:30

WS 195 The Internet Age: Adapting to a New Copyright Agenda, 14:30 – 16:00

WS 169 Technologies and Policies to Connect the Next 5 Billion, 16:30 – 18:00



WS 51 Connecting the Continents Through  Fiber Optic, 11:00 – 12:30

WS 163 Building Alliances to Enhance Internet Affordability, 15:45 – 16:45

WS 70 Open Data and Data Publishing Governance in Big Data Age, 16:30 – 18:00

WS 99 Digital Inclusion Policies for the Forgotten Billion, 16:30 – 18:00



WS 30 Internet & Jobs: Creative Destruction or Destructive Creation?, 09:00 – 10:30

WS 68 Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Roundtable, 09:00 – 10:30

WS 7 From Ideas to Solutions: Funding Challenges for Internet Development, 09:00 – 10:30

WS 89 Multi-Stakeholder Engagement: Imperative for Accessibility, 09:00 – 10:30

WS 65 The Role of IXPs in Growing the Local Digital Economy, 10:15 – 11:15

WS 15 Empowerment Displaced People Through Online Education Svc., 11:30 – 12:30



WS 10 New Global Visions for Internet Governance, ICTs and Trade, 16:30 – 18:00

WS 206 An Evidence based Intermediary Liability Policy Framework, 16:30 – 18:00



WS 136 Internet as an Engine for Growth and Development, 09:00 – 10:30

WS 159 Global Public Interest of the Internet, 11:00 – 12:30

Flash Session - Crowdsourced Solutions to Bridge the Gender Digital Divid


avatar for Martin J. Levy

Martin J. Levy

Network Strategy, CloudFlare, Inc.
Roaming the planet; one packet at a time

avatar for Jari Arkko

Jari Arkko

Senior Expert, Ericsson Research
Jari Arkko is a Senior Expert with Ericsson Research. He has also served as the Chair of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet technology standards development organisation, from 2013 to 2017. He has published 45 technical specifications (RFCs) at the IETF. He is... Read More →

Raul Echeberria

Vice President, Global Engagement, ISOC

Alison Gillwald

Executive Director
Alison Gillwald is Executive Director of Research ICT Africa and Adjunct Professor at the University of Cape Town’s Graduate School of Business, Management of Infrastructure Reform and Regulation programme. Prior to this she was Associate Professor at the Witwatersrand University’s... Read More →
avatar for Mike Jensen

Mike Jensen

Internet Access Specialist, Association for Progressive Communications
Mike Jensen is a South African ICT expert currently working as APC's Internet Access Specialist. Mike has assisted in the establishment of Internet-based communication systems in more than 40 developing countries over the last 20 years, mainly in Africa. He provides advice to international... Read More →

Omobola Johnson

Dr (Mrs) Omobola Johnson is Nigeria's Honorable Minister of Communication Technology. She holds a Bachelor's Degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the University of Manchester, a Master’s degree in Digital Electronics from King's College, London and a Doctor of Business... Read More →

Neelie Kroes

Vice-President of the European Commission, Commissioner for Digital Agenda

Tomas Lamanauskas

Head, Corporate Strategy, International Telecommunication Union
Tomas Lamanauskas heads the Corporate Strategy Division at the International Telecommunication Union, the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies. His extensive ICT policy and regulatory experience includes positions of Deputy General Director... Read More →

Guo Liang

Director of the China Internet Project and Associate Professor, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China

Henri Malosse

President of the European Economic and Social Committee, EU

Rajan Mathews

Director General, Cellular Operators Association of India, India

Jackson Miake

Office of the Government Chief Information Officer – Prime Minister's Office, Government of the Republic of Vanuatu

Eugenia Migliori

Advisor to the Secretary of Communications, Government of Argentina

Funke Opeke

CEO Main One Ltd., Lagos, Nigeria

David Reed

University of Colorado Boulder

Rohan Samarajiva

Founding Chair, LIRNEasia
Rohan Samarajiva is founding Chair of LIRNEasia, an ICT policy and regulation think tank active across emerging economies in South and South East Asia, and the Pacific.  He was its CEO until 2012.  He serves on the Boards of Communication Policy Research south, Research ICT Africa... Read More →

Daniel A. Sepulveda

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State & U.S. Coordinator for Int’l Communications, United States Government
avatar for Joana Varon

Joana Varon

Founder Director, Coding Rights
Brazilian researcher and digital rights advocate. Founder Director of Coding Rights, where she works as creative chaos catalyst, developing research and advocacy strategies for digital rights, particularly focused on privacy and freedom of expression. Consultant of Consumers International... Read More →

John Walubengo

Dean, Faculty of Computing & IT, Multimedia University, Kenya & Board Member, AfriNICMr. Walubengo holds an MSc in Strategic Business IT (University of Portsmouth) and a BSc in Mathematics & Computing (KU).  He has earned several industry certifications including the CCNA (Certified... Read More →

Salam Yamout

National ICT Strategy Coordinator, Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Government of Lebanon

Remote Moderators

Anju Mangal

Inter-Governmental Organization, Information Specialist/Coordinator for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Information and Knowledge Management (IKM) activities, SPC-LRD, Fiji  

Wednesday September 3, 2014 9:30am - 12:30pm
Main Meeting Hall (Rumeli Ground Floor / Room A1 + A2)

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