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Wednesday, September 3 • 5:00pm - 6:00pm
WS63: Preserving a Universal Internet: The Costs of Fragmentation

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As Internet governance and Internet-related public policy issues rise to the top of the international political agenda, a variety of states are exploring measures that may lead, deliberately or inadvertently, to Internet fragmentation. Such measures include (but are not limited to) those intended to prevent or mitigate harms associated with digital connectivity, as well as measures intended to capture economic benefits resulting from online activity, such as implementing alternate models for monetizing the exchange of Internet traffic or taxation or imposing fees on online activity. Extreme efforts entail the creation of entirely separate national Internet analogues with limited or non-existent connectivity to the World Wide Web. Other efforts include extensive firewall and censorship schemes and “opt-in” regimes that, for example, require individuals to explicitly declare their intent to view adult material online.

The effectiveness of such approaches to reducing digital harm and capturing economic benefits is unclear and can pose potential risks to the end-to-end accessibility of the Internet. This workshop will focus on this latter set of issues, by attempting to scope the magnitude of the costs of Internet fragmentation. Detailed cost estimates require a great deal of economic and other research, outside the scope of an IGF workshop; however, there is value in setting the framework for such a research and policy agenda. Panelists will be invited to speak to these issues according to the nature of their expertise. The panel includes technical experts, economic policy analysts, diplomatic practitioners, Internet governance practitioners, experts in international development, and entrepreneurs.

Panel introduction by the moderator
Introductory remarks by each panelist
Panel moderator to pose a set of questions to the panel
Moderator will open the floor to questions from attendees and remote participants
Concluding remarks by the panelists
Moderator to conclude the panel


Gordon Smith

Deputy Chair, Global Commission on Internet Governance
Spent most of my career in Canadian Government including periods as Deputy Minister and Ambassador to NATO. Associated with Centre for International Governance Innovation for more than a decade. PhD in Political Science from MIT.


Sunil Abraham

Sunil (an Ashoka Fellow) is the executive director of the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS), Bangalore/New Delhi. CIS is a 6 year old policy and academic research organisation that focuses on accessibility, access to knowledge, internet governance and  telecommunications. He... Read More →

Vint Cerf

Chief Internet Evangelist, Google Inc
Dr. Vinton G. (Vint) Cerf is a computer scientist and widely recognized as one of the "Fathers of the Internet."" He was one of the inventors of the internet architecture and co-designer of the basic protocols (TCP/IP) along with Robert Kahn. He serves as vice president and c... Read More →
avatar for Bertrand de La Chapelle

Bertrand de La Chapelle

Executive Director, Internet & Jurisdiction Policy Network
Director and Co-Founder of the Internet & Jurisdiction policy network.

Laura DeNardis

Professor, American University Washington College of Law
Dr. Laura DeNardis is a scholar of Internet architecture and governance, a Senior Fellow of the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and a Professor in the School of Communication at American University. Her books include The Global War for Internet Governance (Yale... Read More →

Andrew Wyckoff

Director, OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry
Andrew W. Wyckoff is the Director of the OECD’s Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) where he oversees OECD’s work on innovation, business dynamics, science and technology, information and communication technology policy as well as the statistical work associated... Read More →

Remote Moderators

Samantha Bradshaw

Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), and the Global Commission on Internet Governance
Samantha Bradshaw is a Research Assistant at the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo Canada, and a member of the Global Commission on Internet Governance Secretariat. Samantha is interested in a wide variety of Internet governance issues, including intellectual... Read More →

Wednesday September 3, 2014 5:00pm - 6:00pm EEST
Workshop Room 09 (Rumeli -1 Floor / Room 6)

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